Toward Early Detection of the Pathological Social Withdrawal Syndrome Known as ‘Hikikomori’

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Towards Early Detection of the Pathological Social Withdrawal Syndrome Referred to as ‘Hikikomori’

Abstract: Hikikomori is a fancy situation the place an individual withdraws from society and stays remoted at dwelling for greater than six months. The situation is more and more prevalent in Western societies. Researchers have developed a brand new methodology designed to assist detect hikikomori at an earlier stage and supply therapy.

Supply: Kyushu College

Kyushu College researchers have developed a brand new “Hikikomori questionnaire” with the purpose of detecting the illness at an earlier stage.

Preliminary outcomes present that isolation is a attainable issue that will discriminate between non-hikikomori and pre-hikikomori people, providing attainable validation of the brand new questionnaire as an early detection and therapy instrument.

Hikikomori is a fancy medical situation the place a person withdraws from society and stays at dwelling nearly on daily basis for over six months. Though it could be thought-about a situation distinctive to Japan, hikikomori has been reported worldwide throughout Asia, Europe, and North America.

“Hikikomori was first outlined in 1998. In finding out the situation, we discovered that it’s a very advanced pathology brought on by an overlap of bodily, societal and psychological circumstances,” says Takahiro A. Kato from the School of Medical Sciences of Kyushu College and first writer of the research.

“Its rising worldwide recognition has positioned hikikomori inside the purview of many researchers and medical professionals, particularly within the wake of the lengthy COVID-19 pandemic. This 12 months alone, Hikikomori was acknowledged within the revised version of DSM-5.

Kato and his staff labored on measures to evaluate, determine and deal with hikikomori sufferers, to the purpose of opening the world’s first outpatient clinic for hikikomori people in 2013. In 2018, the staff developed the “Hikikomori Questionnaire” , or HQ-25, which aimed to evaluate whether or not folks with social withdrawal after six months are symptomatic of hikikomori.

“This questionnaire allowed us to determine symptomatic people with hikikomori. As our work progressed, we realized that we would have liked an evaluation instrument that might assess symptomatic people at an earlier stage to assist detect and probably stop hikikomori,” Kato continues.

The brand new Hikikomori Questionnaire, or HQ-25M, produced in collaboration with Nihon College and Oregon Well being and Science College, is comprised of 25 questions that assess the three subfactors of socialization, isolation and emotional assist on a scale of 0 to 4, with 4 being “strongly agree”.

For instance, questions reminiscent of “I really feel uncomfortable round others” assess socialization, whereas “there are few folks with whom I can focus on essential issues” covers emotional assist.

The pilot take a look at of the brand new questionnaire, reported in Medical Psychiatry and Neurosciences, was performed amongst 762 Japanese people. The questionnaire first requested concerning the particular person’s social withdrawal standing within the earlier month so as to categorize members into hikikomori, non-hikikomori, and pre-hikikomori teams. The staff additionally added a questionnaire that assesses the psychological misery of the person throughout the identical month.

Hikikomori is a fancy medical situation the place a person withdraws from society and stays at dwelling nearly on daily basis for over six months. Picture is in public area

“We analyzed the information to see comparable variations between totally different class teams,” Kato says. “A number of fashions confirmed us that hikikomori teams scored considerably larger on all measures in comparison with non-hikikomori and pre-hikikomori.”

Curiously, between pre-hikikomori and non-hikikomori respondents, of the three sub-factors measured, the isolation sub-factor was the one one to point out a major distinction in scores.

Though nonetheless preliminary, the staff is happy with its preliminary outcomes and plans to make use of them to enhance its questionnaire and information assortment.

“These first outcomes are promising and present that our questionnaire generally is a good instrument for the early detection of hikikomori”, concludes Kato.

“However, we should work to broaden and diversify our pattern measurement and refine our questions. Moreover, since hikikomori pathology is reported worldwide, we have to work with researchers and sufferers outdoors of Japan.

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About this psychology analysis information

Writer: Press workplace
Supply: Kyushu College
Contact: Press Workplace – Kyushu College
Picture: Picture is in public area

Unique analysis: Free entry.
“One-Month Model of the Hikikomori Questionnaire-25 (HQ-25M): Growth and Preliminary Validation” by Takahiro A. Kato et al. Medical Psychiatry and Neurosciences


One-Month Model of the Hikikomori Questionnaire-25 (HQ-25M): Growth and Preliminary Validation

Hikikomori is a medical situation of social withdrawal during which an individual stays at dwelling nearly on daily basis for greater than 6 months.

Though first noticed in Japan, hikikomori is described worldwide, with severe implications for well being care, well-being and the financial system.

The COVID-19 pandemic has additional resulted in social isolation at dwelling to keep away from the chance of an infection, and probably elevated the variety of folks with hikikomori-like sicknesses. The 25-item Hikikomori Questionnaire (HQ-25) was designed to evaluate social withdrawal after not less than 6 months of signs.

Nevertheless, evaluation instruments able to quickly assessing social withdrawal at an early stage are wanted to assist detect and probably stop hikikomori. Due to this fact, right here now we have developed a modified model of the HQ-25 to evaluate the earlier month and preliminary study its validity.


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